»Democratic Vistas: Reflections on the Atlantic World«
For the past one hundred years, the Atlantic World and democracy have been twinned concepts. In 1917, just before the United States of America entered the Great War, the American journalist Walter Lippmann coined the term »Atlantic World« to conjure a transatlantic community committed to democracy and freedom. The democratic Atlantic originally served as a bulwark against an aggressive Germany that had started the First World War and was soon to begin a second one. After 1945, the idea of the Atlantic World offered a path for (West) Germany into an international community based on the very ideals Germany had tried to destroy.
Meanwhile, »the West« began to reflect on its legacies of enslavement and colonization. The result was a shattered self-image, its broken pieces bespeaking a history of violence, exploitation, and exclusion. From its ashes emerged a more sober self-understanding of the Atlantic World. No longer limited to the alliance between Western Europe and North America, the Atlantic World is finally grasped to comprise a North-South axis as well as an East-West axis. Yet, despite this reckoning, the original idea still stands: understood as a project, the Atlantic World remains committed to the idea of democracy.
In recent years, democracy has come under stress. The forces of illiberalism are undermining democracy’s norms, forms, and institutions. On both sides of the Atlantic, democracy turns out to be more fragile than many had come to believe. Between 1990 and now, we have moved from starry-eyed visions of a liberal-democratic »end of history« to the fear that the age of liberal democracy may be coming to its end.
The FKH research focus, »Democratic Vistas: Reflections on the Atlantic World,« responds to these challenges by exploring the Atlantic World’s potentials and limitations in addressing the future of democracy. We take as our guide the American poet Walt Whitman, who, in his 1871 essay Democratic Vistas, recognized democracy’s contingency. Democracy is an experiment in the pursuit of freedom and equality. Yet experiments can go wrong. The specter of tyranny is the flipside of the collective self-making that is democracy. We conceive of the Atlantic World as a testing ground for democratic innovation and experimentation.
»Democratic Vistas« brings together an interdisciplinary group of Goethe University scholars and international and regional affiliates from the fields of history, international relations, law, literature, media studies, philosophy, political theory, religious studies, social psychology, and sociology. Their joint research addresses
– Varieties of Democratic Experience
You may find an extended version of the project description here..
List of participants
(FKH - 22.01.2021)
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