Associate Professor of Philosophy in Salt Lake City (USA)
Resident at the Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften:June/July 2014
Research topic at the Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften:»Dworkin and Rawls on the Benchmark of Equality«
Egalitarians typically do not endorse strict distributive equality. Rather they invoke a benchmark of equality; departures from equality, they think, face a case to answer. Rawls, for instance, argues that inequalities are just if and only if they conform to the difference principle, which requires that inequalities maximally benefit the worst-off. Luck egalitarians argue that inequalities are just if and only if they conform to the luck/choice principle, which condemns inequalities caused by brute luck and permits those produced by choice. My paper argues, first, that only Dworkin, among luck egalitarians, can legitimately lay claim to a benchmark of equality. It argues, second, that Rawls’s approach is preferable to Dworkin’s if one takes seriously the idea, stressed by both theorists, that a scheme of social cooperation should treat citizens as equal moral persons. (Cynthia Stark)
Funding of the stay:»Justitia Amplificata. Rethinking Justice − Applied and Global«
Scholarly profile of Cynthia Stark
Main areas of research:Political Philosophy, Theories of Justice, Philosophy of John Rawls
- »Luck, Opportunity and Disability«, in: Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy vol. 16, 3 (2013), pp. 383-402.
- »Rawlsian Self-Respect«, in: Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics vol. 2, ed. by Mark Timmons, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 238-261.
- »There’s Something About Marla: Fight Club and the Engendering of Self-Respect«, in: Fight Club, ed. by Thomas E. Wartenberg, New York: Routledge 2012, pp. 51-77.
- »Abstraction and Justification in Moral Theory«, in: Hypatia Bd. 24, 4 (Fall 2010), pp. 825-833.
- »How to Include the Severely Disabled in a Contractarian Theory of Justice«, in: Journal of Political Philosophy vol. 15, 2 (June 2007), pp. 125-147.