Das Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften: VeranstaltungenDonnerstag, 08.12.2022, 11:00 Uhr
Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften, Am Wingertsberg 4, 61348 Bad Homburg
Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften der Goethe-Universität
Cornelia Ebert (Goethe University) & Markus Steinbach (University of Goettingen)
»Visual Communication with a closer look at perspective shift«
In our presentation, we will briefly introduce the new DFG Priority Programme 2329 ViCom, which investigates the special features and linguistic significance of visual communication. This comprises sign languages as fully developed natural languages which exclusively rely on the visual channel for communication, but also visual means that enhance spoken language such as gestures. It aims at disclosing the specific characteristics of the visual modality as a communication channel and its interaction with other channels (especially the auditory channel) to develop a comprehensive theoretical linguistic model of human communication and its cognitive foundations.
We will then focus on one specific phenomenon that is particularly prevalent in the visual domain: perspective taking. In spoken and signed languages, manual and non-manual gestural demonstrations are a powerful means used, among other things, to reproduce linguistic and non-linguistic actions of other people and to integrate them into one's own utterance. In doing so, gestural demonstrations can trigger a context or perspective shift that allows the speaker or signer to take the perspective of the person whose actions are being reproduced or demonstrated. In this talk, we will look at recent analyses of gestural demonstrations in both linguistic modalities. Crucially, by way of combining demonstration with speech or sign language and also within demonstration alone, it is possible to express multiple perspectives simultaneously in the same utterance.
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